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In their circle, graduates of the university celebrated the holiday, among whom were professors and officials, doctors and lawyers, industrialists and businessmen. Towards evening, many gathered in the huge hall of the Great Moscow Tavern in the city center, where speeches and toasts were made, after which they rode in troikas to the famous Yar, which that day served only the university audience.
Since 1923, January 25 for some time has been called the Day of Proletarian Students. There was no single holiday for students in the USSR.
On January 25, 1991, for the first time after a long ban, the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II served a prayer service for St. Tatiana in the church.
The tradition of celebrations in honor of the students’ day (Tatyana’s day) and the birthday of Moscow State University was revived in 1992, when the university was headed by Viktor Sadovnichy. In 1995, the Church of St. Tatiana was again transferred to the Russian Orthodox Church.
Today in Russia, traditionally on this day, students organize mass festivities. For example, about 200 thousand students took part in the celebration of the Day of Russian Students on January 25, 2012 in Moscow. Most of the students of the capital’s universities spent this day on the skating rinks.
Tatiana’s Day was timed to coincide with the awarding of the M.V. Lomonosov and I.I. Shuvalov.
The Russian Orthodox Church remembers on this day the holy martyr Tatiana, who is considered the patroness of all Russian students was gorbeachebv hero essay. On this day, all women who bear the name Tatiana celebrate their name days (the name “Tatiana” in translation from Greek means “organizer”).
According to church tradition, Saint Tatiana lived in Rome at the turn of the 2nd-3rd centuries, during the cruel persecution of Christians. Her father was a noble Roman and secretly professed Christianity. He raised his daughter in a Christian spirit. Tatiana did not marry and gave all her strength to serve God. During that period, all power in Rome was concentrated in the hands of Ulpian, the worst persecutor of Christians. They seized Tatiana and tried to force her to sacrifice to the idol. But in the temple of Apollo, where she was brought, according to legend, the virgin offered up a prayer to Christ – and an earthquake occurred: the pagan idol split into pieces, and the fragments of the temple buried the priests beneath them.
The pagans tortured Tatiana. During the torture, many miracles happened: either the executioners, for whose insight the saint prayed, believed in Christ, then the angels deflected blows from the martyr and beat her tormentors, then milk flowed from her wounds instead of blood and a fragrance spread in the air. After terrible torment, Tatiana appeared before her executioners and judges even more beautiful than before. The pagans despaired of breaking the faith of the sufferer and executed her. Together with Tatiana, her father was also executed, who revealed to her the truths of the faith of Christ.
Since 2016, February 17 has become an official holiday of Russian student teams. This happened after the signing on February 21, 2015 of the corresponding Decree by the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin “On the Day of Russian student teams.”
The organization, which unites teams of student volunteers, numbers over 250,000 people living in 74 regions of the Russian Federation. That is, this movement has a very solid scale.
Many detachments have taken part and are taking part in the implementation of large national projects: preparation of the Sochi Olympics, construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome. Students also work on the construction of railways and nuclear power plants, the construction of industrial workshops and sanatoriums, as well as on many other objects of various purposes.
The history of student teams is of a fairly mature age. The student movement has become one of the calling cards of the youth movement in the Soviet Union. In 1959, 339 physics students of the Lomonosov Moscow State University went to the virgin lands in the North Kazakhstan region, where they built 16 objects.
In total, during the Soviet period, about 13 million people passed through the student brigades.
In 1966, in the Kremlin Palace of Congresses, the first All-Union rally of the All-Union All-Union Congress was held, where a uniform charter was adopted for all detachments, and in 1969 the central headquarters of the All-Union Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was created under the Central Committee of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League.
The student teams made an invaluable contribution to the achievements of the USSR economy, especially when it came to the implementation of large-scale construction projects, which were most often associated with the development of remote, inaccessible territories of the country and where additional labor reserves were always required.
The detachments not only helped to solve important economic tasks set by the state, they became a kind of forge of personnel. Students received practical skills of professional activity, many of them began their career development precisely with participation in the student construction brigade.
Development of virgin lands, construction of railways (Abakan – Taishet, BAM and others), development of gas and oil fields, construction of oil and gas pipelines, preparation of facilities for the Olympics-80, elimination of the consequences of natural disasters (earthquakes and floods), construction and repair of schools , kindergartens, assistance to orphanages, agricultural work – almost everywhere fighters of student teams took an active part.
During the collapse of the USSR, student groups temporarily ceased to exist. But the country’s difficult economic situation in the 1990s was replaced by gradual economic development and stability in all spheres of society. In the early 2000s, the Russian student movement also became active. However, at that time it was scattered. At the same time, his growth spoke of the need to return to the process of centralization and streamlining of the student movement.
The activity of Russian student groups attracted the attention of the government of the country. In 2003, the issue of the work of student brigades was already considered by the Government Commission on Youth Affairs, and the first meeting of the participants of the Russian student movement was held in Yekaterinburg. A year later, on February 17, 2004, the All-Russian Forum of Student Units was held in Moscow, at which the All-Russian Youth Public Movement “Russian Student Units” was established. This date is considered to be the birthday of student teams in Russia. She was taken to establish a holiday for Russian student groups.
Today the Russian Student Squads are the largest youth organization in Russia. It has a clear organizational structure headed by the Central Headquarters. The activities of the organization, as in the period of the USSR, are regulated by regulatory documents, a set of benefits for participants in the movement has been developed, the organization has its own approved attributes and symbols. There is something to be proud of: the facilities of the Sochi Olympics, the APEC-2012 summit, participation in the construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome, Rosatom facilities and much more.
Russian student brigades celebrate their holiday vividly: they hold contests, promotions, sporting events, etc. Much depends on the initiative of the district headquarters, which make sure that this day is passed in a special way in their region. The annual All-Russian meeting of student teams sums up the results of their activities, celebrates and rewards their distinguished fighters.
On this day, solemn formations are held in the operating detachments, awards are given to leaders and those who distinguished themselves, the command congratulates all those present on the solemn date.
Among professional holidays, there are two dates associated with the profession of a journalist. The first is September 8th. It is associated with the name of the Czechoslovak journalist Julius Fucik. In 1921 Fucik became one of the founders of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, and in 1941 became a member of the second central underground government of the Communist Party. On April 24, 1942, he was arrested by the Gestapo along with six other members of the liberation movement.
On September 8, 1943, he was executed. The memorable date was established in 1958 in Bucharest, at the 4th congress of the international organization of journalists. It is believed that on this day, journalists of all countries and publications should demonstrate their solidarity to the world, especially in protecting their rights.
The second date is the Day of the Russian Press. It is celebrated on January 13th. This holiday has historical implications. On January 13, 1703, the first issue of the Russian-language newspaper “Vedomosti” was published in Russia by the decree of Peter I.
This issue was called “Vedomosti about military and other matters worthy of knowledge and memory that happened in the Moscow State and in other neighboring countries.”
The newspaper was published both in Moscow and St. Petersburg, while actually having no permanent name – “Vedomosti”, “Rossiiskie vedomosti”, “Vedomosti Moskovskie”.